Italian Limes et la frontière mobile

by nicolasnova

Marco Ferrari, du studio Folder, m’a envoyé le site web de son nouveau projet. Cela s’appelle Italian Limes, avec le sous-titre éloquent “Mapping the shifting border through Italy’s Alpine glaciers”.


(Crédits photo: Italian Limes / Delfino Sisto Legnani)

Le projet repose sur un caractère singulier de la frontière austro-italienne dans les Alpes. Celle-ci est en effet un cas de “frontière mobile”, se déplaçant au gré des modifications naturelles et graduelles de la ligne de partage des eaux. Laquelle correspond à la fonte du glacier:

The project focuses on the effects of climate change on shrinking ice sheets and the consequent shifts of the watershed that defines the national territories of Italy, Austria, Switzerland and France. Investigating the fragile balance of the Alpine ecosystem, Italian Limes shows how natural frontiers are subject to the complexity of continuous ecological processes and their political enactment, depending on the technologies and norms that are used to represent them. The project explores the condition of post-Schengen Europe, where borders are intended to fade away, but are simultaneously claimed by governments as the ultimate defence of the nation state. A network of apparently dormant 19th-century frontiers has waken up from the dream of a borderless continent, and materialised into a 21st-century psychosis of police checks, barbed wire fences, migrant encampments, proxy sovereignties and displaced jurisdictions.

Italian Lime repose sur une enquête de terrain originale, que l’on peut prendre comme un exemple remarquable d’ethnographie par la création :

A grid of autonomous measurement units—installed at 3,300m above sea level in the midst of the Ötztal Alps, tracks the evolution of the glacial watershed and broadcasts its data to a drawing machine, printing a real-time representation of the movable border across the Alps.